The Fallopian Tube Function
Oviduct (Uterine Tubes) from Ovary to Uterus
Treatment for Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Fallopian tube function...

Fallopian tubes are an essential part of the menstrual ovulation cycle. Without this part of the female reproductive anatomy, you cannot get pregnant (without medical intervention). Other names are oviduct, uterine tubes, salpinx (plural salpinges).


You have two very fine tubes that are connected to either side of the uterus. At the opposite end of the tubes are fringes of tissue called fimbria. This end is held next to, but not directly attached to, the ovaries by ligaments and are open to the peritoneal cavity (abdomen). At ovulation, this ligament pulls the fimbrial end closer to the ovary.

In humans, your uterine tubes are about 7 to 14 cm (approximately 3 to 4 in) long. And have 4 named parts or regions...

  • Infundibulum: contains the fimbria and is closest to the ovary
  • Ampulla: the usual site of fertilization where sperm awaits the egg to be released
  • Isthmus: in between ampulla and
  • Intramural oviduct (interstitial): which is just inside wall of uterus

These oviducts were named after their discoverer, the 16th century Italian anatomist, Gabriele Falloppio.

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At ovulation, the egg is released from the ovary and swept up by the fimbria (which are activated by the follicular fluid released when you ovulate) and pushed into the tube where it is fertilized by awaiting sperm (if you are trying to conceive). If the egg is not fertilized, it will begin to degenerate and die within 24 hours.

If fertilization takes place, the embryo travels down the tube to the uterus with the help of cilia along the inner wall of the uterine tubes and slight contractions. This is one source of pain and cramps during ovulation.

Once in the uterus, the embryo implants into the endometrium, the uterine lining, and you have a successful conception which signifies the beginning of your pregnancy. Implantation occurs about a week after ovulation.

Causes of bent, twisted, or blocked fallopian tubes...

Problems with uterine tubes can cause infertility. Some of these tubal problems are caused by infection, pelvic inflammatory disease and/or endometriosis.

If the cilia are damaged by infection, then they may not be able to push the embryo into the uterus.

Any of the above can cause a tubal or ectopic pregnancy.

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Diagnosing a blocked fallopian tube or other problems...

If you have fertility problems, your doctor may want to do one of the following...

  • Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): Which is a type of x-ray used to detect blocked oviducts. Dye is injected into your uterus and through your tubes.
  • Falloscopy: A tiny flexible catheter and camera is inserted through the vagina and uterine cavity into the uterine tube to view the inside. If problems are found, surgical repairs can be made at the same time.
  • Laparoscopy: Surgery involving making a small incision in the abdomen and small camera is inserted to view your tubes.

Medical treatments to cure damaged (bent, twisted), or blocked fallopian tubes...

  • Invitro Fertilization (IVF): Which involves fertilizing an egg outside of the body and then implanting the embryo inside the uterus.
  • Salpingostomy: Surgery performed to correct damage. Such as removal adhesions, scar tissue, and other blockage, etc.
  • Fimbrioplasty: Reconstructive surgery to repair the fimbria that may be damaged or causing a blockage.

Alternative treatments for a damaged or blocked fallopian tube include...

  • Acupuncture/Acupressure
  • Massage/Physical Therapy
  • Herbs: Herbal tampons and supplements
  • I recommend The FallopianWise Fertility Kit. It includes massage techniques, herbal solutions, complete instructions, and more.

Blocked Tubes?
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Related pages

Ovarian Follicle | Two Week Wait | When Does Conception Occur? | What Happens at Conception? | When Does Implantation Occur? | When Does Ovulation Occur? | Pregnancy Implantation | Ways to Increase Fertility Naturally |

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