Fallopian tubes are an essential part of the menstrual ovulation cycle. Without this part of the female reproductive anatomy, you cannot get pregnant (without medical intervention). Other names are oviduct, uterine tubes, salpinx (plural salpinges).
You have two very fine tubes that are connected to either side of the uterus. At the opposite end of the tubes are fringes of tissue called fimbria. This end is held next to, but not directly attached to, the ovaries by ligaments and are open to the peritoneal cavity (abdomen). At ovulation, this ligament pulls the fimbrial end closer to the ovary.
In humans, your uterine tubes are about 7 to 14 cm (approximately 3 to 4 in) long. And have 4 named parts or regions...
These oviducts were named after their discoverer, the 16th century Italian anatomist, Gabriele Falloppio.
At ovulation, the egg is released from the ovary and swept up by the fimbria (which are activated by the follicular fluid released when you ovulate) and pushed into the tube where it is fertilized by awaiting sperm (if you are trying to conceive). If the egg is not fertilized, it will begin to degenerate and die within 24 hours.
If fertilization takes place, the embryo travels down the tube to the uterus with the help of cilia along the inner wall of the uterine tubes and slight contractions. This is one source of pain and cramps during ovulation.
Once in the uterus, the embryo implants into the endometrium, the uterine lining, and you have a successful conception which signifies the beginning of your pregnancy. Implantation occurs about a week after ovulation.
Problems with uterine tubes can cause infertility. Some of these tubal problems are caused by infection, pelvic inflammatory disease and/or endometriosis.
If the cilia are damaged by infection, then they may not be able to push the embryo into the uterus.
Any of the above can cause a tubal or ectopic pregnancy.
If you have fertility problems, your doctor may want to do one of the following...
Try The FallopianWise Fertility Kit
Ovarian Follicle | Two Week Wait | When Does Conception Occur? | What Happens at Conception? | When Does Implantation Occur? | When Does Ovulation Occur? | Pregnancy Implantation | Ways to Increase Fertility Naturally |
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